Toxic plants at our place? That's no bunch of flowers!

Le centre antipoison du Québec (Quebec poison control centre) recommends caution when eating or handling wild or cultivated plants. Nature is filled with a wide variety of plants and not all can be pictured in this brochure.

To help you identify the plants in your surrounding environment, here is a list of the plants that people most often call the Centre antipoison du Québec about. Please note that only a few of the toxic plants are deadly.

There are no hard and fast rules about the toxicity of any given plant. Certain plants are toxic when ingested; others can irritate the skin, etc. A plant’s toxic effects can also vary depending on factord such as the amount eaten, the part of the plant that is involved, the area of the body affected, the season.

If someone has ingested or been un contact with a toxic or suspicious plant, call the Centre antipoison du Québec immediately. A specialist in toxicology can give you the right advice.

Recommandations

  • Know the exact name of your plants. Keep their identification tags within sight in or on the pot. 
  • If there’s an accident, keep a sample of the plant (branch with leaves, flowers or fruit) or take a digital photo. That way, a specialist in botany or toxicology can identify the plant in question more easily.
  • Wear gloves when pruning plants, weeding the garden or cutting hot peppers.Never eat a wild or cultivated plant without being absolutely sure what it is and that it is edible. Nontoxic does not mean edible.
  • When picking wild berries, keep a constant eye on young children. Keep all toxic houseplants out of the reach of children.
  • If there’s an accident, call the Centre antipoison du Québec (a free service available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week).

House plants

Non-toxic (Scientific name / Common or everyday name) :

  • Abutilon / Flowering maple
  • Aeschynanthus lobbianus / Lipstick vine
  • Chlorophytum comosum / Spider plant
  • Coleus hybrida / Coleus
  • Crassula argentea / Jade plant
  • Crossandra infundibuliformis / Firecracker flower
  • Dizygotheca elegantissima / False aralia
  • Dracaena marginata / Dracaena
  • Fatshedera lizei / Ivy tree
  • Fatsia japonica / Japanese aralia
  • Fittonia verschaffeltii argyroneura / Nerve plant 
  • Fuchsia hybrida / Fuchsia
  • Gerbera jamesonii / African daisy
  • Gypsophila elegans / Baby’s breath
  • Hibiscus / Hibiscus
  • Hoya carnosa / Wax plant
  • Maranta leuconeura / Prayer plant
  • Nephrolepsis exaltata / Fern
  • Peperomia argyrea / Watermelon peperomia
  • Pilea cadierei / Aluminium plant
  • Rosa / Rose 
  • Saintpaulia ionantha / African violet 
  • Schlumbergera truncata / Christmas cactus
  • Sinningia speciosa / Gloxinia
  • Tradescantia or zebrina pendula / Wandering Jew 

Toxic (Scientific name / Common or everyday name) : 

  • Aloe vera / Healing plant
  • Amaryllis belladonna / St-Joseph’s lily
  • Anthurium / Anthurium
  • Begonia rex / Rex begonia
  • Caladium / Caladium
  • Capsicum annuum / Christmas pepper
  • Codiaenum / Croton
  • Cyclamen persicum / Florist’s cyclamen
  • Dieffenbachia / Dumb cane
  • Euphorbia lactea / Candelabra cactus
  • Ficus benjamina / Weeping fig
  • Ficus elastica / Rubber plant
  • Nerium oleander / Oleander
  • Philodendron / Philodendron
  • Polyscias fruticosa / Aralia fruticosa
  • Rhododendron simsii / Azalea
  • Sansevieria trifasciata / Snake plant
  • Schefflera arboricola / Schefflera
  • Scindapsus aureus / Pothos or Devil’s ivy
  • Solanum pseudocapsicum / Jerusalem cherry
  • Spathiphyllum / Peace lily
  • Syngonium / Goose foot plant
  • Zantedeschia / Calla lily

Outdoor plant

Non-toxic (Scientific name / Common or everyday name) :

  • Chrysanthenum / Daisy
  • Cornus canadensis / Dwarf cornel
  • Cosmos / Cosmos
  • Dahlia / Dahlia
  • Hemerocallis / Day lily
  • Impatiens / Impatiens
  • Lilium tigrinum / Tiger lily
  • Petunia / Petunia
  • Rhus typhina / Vinegar-tree
  • Rosa / Wild rose
  • Sorbus americana / American mountain ash
  • Sorbus domestica / Service tree
  • Syringa vulgaris / Lilac
  • Taraxacum officinale / Dandelion

Toxic (Scientific name / Common or everyday name) :

  • Achillea millefolium / Milfoil
  • Aconitum Napellus / Monkshood
  • Actaea alba / White baneberry
  • Actaea rubra / Red baneberry
  • Asclepias tuberosa / Showy milkweed
  • Brassica Kaber / Wild mustard
  • Brugmansia / Brugmansia
  • Caltha palustris / Marsh marigold
  • Celastrus scandens / Climbing bittersweet
  • Cicuta maculata / Water hemlock
  • Colchicum autumnale / Fall crocus
  • Conium maculatum / Poison hemlock
  • Convallaria majalis / Lily of the valley
  • Cotoneaster / Cotoneaster
  • Datura stramonium / Jimsonweed
  • Delphinium / Larkspur
  • Dianthus / Carnation
  • Dicentra spectabilis / Bleeding heart
  • Digitalis purpurea / Foxglove
  • Gladiolus / Gladiolus
  • Hydrangea / Hydrangea
  • Ipomoea / Morning glory
  • Iris versicolor / Iris versicolor
  • Lupinus / Lupine
  • Menispermum canadense / Moonseed
  • Narcissus / Daffodil
  • Nicotiana tabacum / Tobacco
  • Pastinaca sativa / Wild parsnip
  • Pelargonium / Geranium
  • Phoradendron / Mistletoe
  • Physalis alkekengi / Chinese lantern
  • Ranunculus asiaticus / Persian buttercup
  • Rhamnus cathartica / Buckthorn
  • Rheum rhabarbarum / Rhubarb (leaves)
  • Rhododendron / Rhododendron
  • Rhus radicans / Poison ivy
  • Ricinus communis / Castor-oil plant
  • Sambucus racemosa / European red elderberry
  • Solanum dulcamara / Climbing nightshade
  • Solanum tuberosum / Potato (sprout & plant)
  • Symplocarpus foetidus / Skunk cabbage
  • Taxus canadensis and baccata / American yew and english yew
  • Urtica dioica / Stinging nettle
  • Veratrum viride / Green hellebore

This list is not exhaustive. Plants whose names appear in bold can cause serious toxic reactions.

The information contained in this brochure applies only to humans. When it concerns an animal, consult a veterinarian. You can find online pictures of the plants listed in this brochure.